Collective Bargaining Agreement Questions
Answer: The ILO`s Freedom of Association Committee has concluded that wages, benefits and allowances can be the subject of collective bargaining.  These „frequently asked questions and answers” are intended only as a guide to the Industrial Relations Act. These questions and answers are an attempt to express the provisions of the law in practical language. Readers are strongly advised to consult the relevant provincial legislation. If there is a difference between this document and the Labour Relations Act, the law will prevail. Question: Do companies have a responsibility to promote or respect collective bargaining with respect to the principle of „promoting collective bargaining”? To what extent should a company be proactive in promoting the principle? Is it sufficient to negotiate collective agreements when workers demand it? or should a company also encourage collective bargaining between its employees and in its supply chain? All wage issues will be the subject of collective bargaining. If no collective agreement is in force and no union is certified under the law, an application for certification can be made at any time to the employment agency. Answer: Collective bargaining is a constructive forum for the treatment of working conditions and conditions of employment and relations between employers and workers or their respective organisations. It is often more efficient and flexible than state regulations. It can help anticipate potential problems and promote peaceful mechanisms to address them; to find solutions that take into account the priorities and needs of both employers and workers. Healthy collective bargaining benefits both leaders and workers, and the peace and stability that fosters them benefits society at large. Collective bargaining can be an important institution of governance – it is a way to increase the consent of the governed by involving them in decisions that directly affect them. If the appeal procedure described in the collective agreement is exhausted and the complaint is not resolved, the parties may submit the appeal to a final and binding decision.
The arbitration procedure can be carried out by a single arbitrator or by an arbitration body. 18.